The European Union is divided from various aspects in terms of immigration. Problems of the older, Western-European Member States strongly differ from that of the Eastern Member States, and some countries face a very different migration situation than others.
Examining the ongoing processes in the Western-European Member States, there are more and more who raise the question that integration of those society groups that follow other examples than the majority does not run properly. Multicultural principles of the organization of society do not stabilize the Western type and nation state level operation, but those may rather lead to „parallel societies” and „breaking states”, while entailing serious economic and security policy consequences too.
Considering the European coherences of migration, Hungary may be considered as an example displaying characteristics of the Central-Eastern European states perfectly: its society is homogenous, largely mono-national, which face challenges mostly regarding the integration of its indigenous minorities.
However, Hungary, with regard to its geographical position and to its membership in the EU, acts as a key actor in terms of immigration towards Europe – this has a short-term as well as a long-term aspect at the same time.
Viewing the events in the long run, we can see quite clearly that the Member States are unable to consider the issue of migration uniformly. This results in serious political challenges for the European Union from time to time. Based on legal norms and raised ruling proposals (e.g. operative rules of the Dublin system or plans on quota-based distribution of asylum seekers among Member States) we, in Hungary, cannot fully exclude the arrival of communities with basically different civilization background and in a higher number than before. If so happens, this may apparently entail significant social consequences.
It may furthermore be interpreted as an extremely serious challenge, if Hungary permanently remains transit country of the migration wave towards the European Union. We may define this as a considerable trial of strength especially in the light of Hungary’s serious protection tasks at the external Schengen borders. In political terms, however, it is the same way extremely dangerous, if, due to the migration wave, it is not the protection of external borders that we talk about in Europe, but rather the restrictions on right to free movement.
The migration phenomenon is not a social phenomenon that we may evaluate neutrally. It is a legitimate standpoint to judge certain migratory waves positively from social, economical, political or cultural aspects, while drawing up negative opinions on some others. Opinion on social phenomenon, however, does not equal to opinion on people concerned by that social phenomenon.
The Migration Research Institute, which was co-founded by the Századvég School of Politics Foundation and the Mathias Corvinus Collegium in 2015, operates along the above-mentioned principles and wishes to conduct interdisciplinary researches (among others with regard to its coherences with political science, economic policy, geopolitics, security, EU and migration law) with the goal of examining the above thesis. In our view, it is true for all states that for reaching a future that is desirable from the point of survive, we must follow a road where we get familiar with the past and where we understand the present.
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